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Notice the pair of 1's after the Internet name of the computer. These 1's specify the
resource as a directory. On the other hand, the following URL specifies a specific text file
within that directory:
The "00" denotes a text file. Constructing URLs is more difficult when the path and/or file
names of the Internet resources contain special characters like spaces or colons. In these
cases, escape codes must be used to denote the special characters. For example:
This long URL first asks a gopher server (gopher.lib.ncsu.edu) to FTP a file (aesop11.txt)
from an anonymous FTP server (mrcnext.cso.uiuc.edu). Notice the "%3a" and "%40" in
the URL. They are used to denote a colon (":") and at sign ("@"), respectfully.
Furthermore, notice the zero proceeding the "ftp." This is used to identify the remote file as
a text file.
As you can see, gopher URLs are particularly difficult to decipher. The easiest way to
construct a URL for a gopher item it to access the gopher server via a Web client, traverse
the gopher menus until you locate the resource, and then copy the displayed URL from the
appropriate part of your client's screen.
The easiest way to construct a URL for a gopher item it to access the gopher server via a Web client, traverse the gopher menus until you locate the resource, and then copy the displayed URL from the appropriate part of your client's screen.