HANDBOOK ON CRIME PREvENTION GUIDELINES: MAKING THEM wORK
compendium of best practices for prevention and rehabilitation for youth
involved in violence in the region.
in partnership with civil society by the National Council for Public Security.
These have included a rehabilitation farm school for persons aged 12 to 25,
a tattoo removal project and in-prison rehabilitation programmes.
diversion services for children in all provinces through five programmes: the
Youth Empowerment Scheme life skills programme; a Pre-Trial Community
Service programme; a victim-offender mediation programme; family group
offending and diverting cases from the justice system. It handles more than
10,000 cases each year (www.nicro.org.za).
" Khulisa works in correctional facilities and on diversion programmes, as well
as with schools, victims and the community. It runs a series of reintegration
It Better Programme (www.khulisaservices.co.za).
A review of the characteristics of effective projects concerned with youth gang
violence in Central America and the United States highlights the importance of
comprehensive and balanced approaches that are community-based and include
cooperation with schools, local organizations, faith groups and community
D . Private sector involvement
The private sector is a major component of most societies, and is as much a
stakeholder as other sectors of civil society, including local non-profit organizations.
Businesses, factories and commercial premises can be significantly affected by high
to contribute to the social and economic progress of communities. Businesses can
bring innovation, resources and skills to local communities. (See the website of the
Prevention initiatives may be designed to reduce problems of crime associated with
business, commercial and industrial areas. Many national Governments and cities
What is important, however, is to ensure that such initiatives do not perpetuate
exclusionary practices, as discussed in chapterV.
Washington Office on LatinAmerica,
Daring to Care: Community-Based Responses (see footnote 100).