A Guide for Monitoring and Evaluating Population-Health-Environment Programs
lEvEl Of MEAsurEMEnT: Outcome.
dEfiniTiOn: This indicator measures actual use of improved agricultural or marine practices that the
project has introduced. "Adopt" means practicing or using the improved practices. A "farmer" refers
to any person who works on or owns a farm. A "fisher" refers to any person who catches fish or other
marine species for human consumption.
PErCEnT Of fArMErs/fisHErs wHO AdOPT iMPrOvEd AGriCulTurAl/
disAGGrEGATE: By type of improved agricultural/marine practice; if desired, by target area .
PurPOsE: Monitoring only the educational sessions held or the practices introduced is not an indication
of whether the practice has been adopted. This indicator will assist the project in better measuring the
outcome of its efforts to introduce improved agricultural/marine practices.
dATA sOurCEs: Population-based survey of farmers/fishers; project records; direct observation for
TiME frAME: Annually or corresponding with agricultural or marine harvesting cycles. Every two to five
years for surveys.
dATA COllECTiOn COnsidErATiOns: Data collection strategies and the survey will need to be
altered for specific types of farming/fishing such as fruit, vegetable, grain, meat, dairy, fish, seafood,
or other. To reduce recall bias, data collection may need to occur several times a year to coincide with
Surveys should include such information as date, position of the person providing the information
(e.g., farm owner, farm worker, fisher, etc), types and extent of use of previous practices, types and
extent of use of current practices, types and extent of use of practices being considered for the future,
type of farming/fishing and size of the operation (e.g., total area of farm or area fished or the number
of farm/fishing employees). Questions for this section should be adapted for the specific type of farm-
ing or fishing, and whether the improved practice introduced by the project has been used just once,
consistently, exclusively, or over the long-term (with specific time frame specified).
total # of farmers/fishers using improved practices
total # of farmers/fishers targeted for improved practice adoption