Russell C. Coile
practices. Show how an improved disaster management system could
increase probability of more acceptable outcomes.
Provide report of Phase I study.
Phase II - Emergency Planning Game Training
Present results of Phase I to mass transit offi cials. Recommend and
select, in concert, the disaster training situation that is most challenging.
Develop the selected disaster scenario to include all action interfaces
with civil, public and private organizations as appropriate.
Produce and deliver the training documents required to support the
Emergency Planning Game.
Support and facilitate the Emergency Planning Game during the play.
Prepare and provide a draft of the report of the Phase II game to the
mass transit authority and the participating organizations for their review.
Prepare a fi
nal report which incorporates the comments and
recommendations of each participant.
The fi nal report of the game should contain the overall lessons learned
from the exercise, with complete game details given in appendices.
Remember that a major value of this whole operation will come from
the actual participation of the operational personnel responding to the
emergencies of the scenarios and their interactions with the operational
personnel of many other organizations. Also if you are in charge of the
mass transit authority, be prepared to hear that the `lessons learned' from
the game are what your own safety engineers have been trying to tell you
Is such an effort as this cost effective? It will be a time consuming,
disruptive, expensive, diffi cult task to plan, schedule, coordinate, and
conduct. Is it worth it? The answer may well be yes. Such analysis and
training can provide quantifi able savings. If the San Francisco Bay Area
Rapid Transit personnel and particularly the civil support organizations
had well defi ned lines of communications and authority, the resultant shut
down of that BART system because of the 1979 fi re would have been of
shorter duration. It is possible that faster and more knowledgeable action
in that case could have reduced revenue loss by 20 percent.
Preparation and training in casualty control also may provide reduced
liability insurance premiums. While consultation with insurers would provide